The idealisation of whiteness can be associated with the internalisation of negative stereotypes about one's own racial/ethnic group. This dynamic can also be present in different racial/ethnic groups of colour and not just among African Americans.
Critical Race Theory is often used to challenge the ways in which racial inequalities persist in American society.
CRT is often used as an approach to examine and challenge the ways in which race and racism continue to impact social structures, practices and discourses in American culture and society (according to scholar, Tara Yosso).
Purdue University’s website defines CRT as an attempt to understand how marginalised groups, especially black communities that are continually affected by racial discrimination, make persistent efforts to rise above racial prejudices.
CRT believes that race is not connected to biological reality but is, rather, a product of social thought.
Acknowledging the evolving and malleable nature of CRT, Richard Delgado and Jean Stefansic believe that race is not a biological reality but is a socially constructed concept that is deeply ingrained in an American legal system that often manifests racial inequality.
CRT recognises that it is the systemic nature of racism in American society that is responsible for creating racial inequalities.
Critical Race Theory does not define racism as an intentional bad act perpetrated by white elites—racist acts are often regarded as "mainstream" or "normal". Rather racism is a sequence of events that results from the unintended consequences of choices in American Society.
Critical Race Theory holds that racism will not truly end until ending racism benefits white people.
In “Critical Race Theory: An Introduction” Dalgarno and Stefansic cover ‘interest convergence’, which suggests white elites encourage racial advances only to promote white self-interest, and will continue to do so only as long as it keeps serving their ulterior motives.
CRT is more than just legal studies. Its scope has extended to other academic disciplines with the launch of its activist movement.
CRT began as an attempt by legal scholars to understand racial discrimination faced by black communities, but has now spread beyond legal studies to several other fields—notably women's and gender studies, American studies and sociology.
Critical Race Theory received intense criticism from the British government amidst the ‘Black Lives Matter’ protests. Kemi Badenoch, a UK Minister, called it a dangerous trend and an ideology of victimhood. The Minister further announced that the government stands against CRT.
CRT claims factors (racial differences) that give rise to racial inequality are created by whites to further their interests in markets.
According to The Britannica, CRT defines race as a socially constructed concept often exploited by white elites to further their economic and political interests, by marginalising people of colour. This is done to maintain whites’ interest in labour markets and politics.